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The Latin Vulgate translated by Jerome from the original languages was declared to be the official text of the Roman Catholic Church by the Council of Trent in 1546. Jerome was commissioned by Pope Damasus I (366-384). Augustine was disturbed at Jerome for setting aside the inspired LXX to go back to the original Hebrew text that no one else could understand (The City of God 18,43).
The Old Latin versions were translated from the LXX which are important witnesses to the LXX before its recensions (revisions). There are two main groups of Old Latin texts; African and European.